North American International Exhibition 2020

Chairman: Jan Lightfoot
6672 Dusty Trails
Vacaville, CA 95688

Digital Chairman: Cheryl Glackin
108 Demartini Ct.
Roseville, CA 95661 


Digital Chairman: Kristian Leide-Lynch
5713 Mangrove Ct.
Orangevale, CA 95662

Recognition Number: PSA 2020-355


Closing date:  September 4, 2020

Judging:  September 12-13, 2020

Notifications emailed:  September 25, 2020

Mailing of Awards:  November 28, 2020

Catalog Availability Date: November 28, 2020 (online)


The Entry Fees are $8 US Dollars North American or Overseas per section. All Entry Fees are payable through PayPal (PayPal will accept credit card payments). Cash or checks are NOT accepted. Entries received without fees will NOT be judged or included in the list sent to Star Ratings, Who's Who, etc.

Entries will be judged randomly in four rounds.


Color Open, Color Creative, Monochrome

Sam Shaw, FPSA, MPSA, Turlock, CA

Kathy Triolo, Nevada City, CA

Loye Stone, PPSA, Fresno, CA

Nature and Wildlife

Heide Stover, Stockton, CA

Jim Cunningham, Le Grand, CA

Dean Taylor, Stockton, CA


In each section, Color Open / Color Creative / Monochrome / Nature / Wildlife
the awards are as follows:

PSA Gold - Best of Show
PSA Silver - 2nd Place
PSA Bronze - 3rd Place
Six Honorable Mentions (certificates to be available by download)
Judge’s Choice Awards (3)
Digital Chairman’s Awards (2)
Chairman’s Award (1)


The catalog of the Exhibition will be available only in the form of a PDF download from the Exhibition website. A link to accepted images, including award winners, will be on display at  Public exhibitions will also be shown after the judging.



Participation:  This Exhibition will be conducted according to the recommended practices of the Photographic Society of America (PSA). The exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when the sponsoring organization or its agent, in its reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to the exhibition rules and conditions. Membership in any photographic organization is not required.

An entrant's images will not be presented to the judges consecutively.  An entrant’s four images will be distributed throughout four rounds of judging in that section. Distribution of images shall be in the same round order as submitted by the entrant.

Entries must originate as photographs (image captures of objects via light sensitivity) made by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally. By virtue of submitting an entry, the entrant certifies the work as his own (aliases are not permitted). Images may not incorporate elements produced by anyone else. The entrant permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This may include low resolution posting on a website. Note: Entrants who indicate that their images may not be reproduced or used "will not be eligible for awards" or inclusion in audio-visuals of the exhibition "and could be subject to disqualification" by the exhibition sponsors. The Sponsor or its agent assumes no liability of any misuse of copyright by anyone.

Images may be altered, either electronically or otherwise, by the maker. Artwork or computer graphics created by the entrant may be incorporated provided the photographic content predominates, subject to Nature divisional restrictions. All final work must be on electronic file.

Titles will not be read at judging. Titles must be 35 characters or fewer. No titles may be visible to the judges on the projected digital image, and nothing in the digital image may identify the maker.

Each image must have a unique title. Once an image has been accepted in a PSA Recognized Exhibition, that same image, or a like “in camera” or a “reproduction” duplicate of that image:

A. May not be re-entered in any section of the same Division Star Ratings class in that exhibition regardless of media, format, or title.

B. May not be re-­titled for entry in any other PSA Recognized Exhibition.

C. Images meeting the Monochrome Definition and non-manipulated color images from the same capture shall be considered the same image and must be given the same title. 

D. PSA members working on Galaxy and Diamond Star ratings shall be allowed to continue using different titles of monochrome versions and color versions of the same capture that have already been accepted until the required number of acceptances for those titles have been completed.

Titles may not include file extensions such as .jpg or .jpeg, nor are camera capture file names or words such as “untitled” or “no title”; neither can titles consist solely of numbers.

To receive proper Star Ratings credit from PSA, entrants must provide their name and country exactly the same in each exhibition. Aliases are not permitted. Please contact PSA in the event of name changes or relocating to another country.

An image may be entered in only one section where acceptances of that image in multiple sections would be eligible for the same star path.


The target range for acceptances will be between 27% and 33%.


If the exhibition determines before, during, or after the judging that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images fail to comply with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, the exhibition reserves the right and discretion to delete the entry from the exhibition and void any or all acceptances or awards. Fees may be forfeited in these circumstances. The entrant acknowledges that the decision of the exhibition organizers or the judges is final.

In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition may carry out checks on the images to make sure that:

       a. the images are the original work of the entrant and

       b. the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry.

These steps include, but are not limited to, questioning any entrant, requiring the submission of RAW files or other digital files representing the original capture of the submitted images(s), confronting the entrant with evidence that one or more submitted images fails to comply with the Conditions of Entry (also know as Entry Rules), and offering the entrant a reasonable opportunity to provide counter evidence to refute the exhibition organizer's evidence by a set deadline. Such entries that are not cleared or are still questionable after the entrant has presented evidence may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations.

PSA retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions, impose sanctions if deemed necessary, void the acceptances of any image found to violate the PSA rules, include the entrant's name on the list of sanctions provided to Exhibitions, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants automatically agree to these terms by the act of entering the Exhibition.


An Entry consists of up to and including four (4) images per Section entered by a single Entrant into the same Section. The four or fewer digital images in a Section will be distributed throughout four rounds of judging for that Section. An image can only be entered once in the same North American International Exhibition.


By entering this exhibition, you are explicitly consenting to the personal details you have supplied, including email addresses, being held, processed and used by the exhibition organizers for purposes associated with this exhibition. You also explicitly consent to such information being sent to organizations that have accorded official recognition, patronage or accreditation to this exhibition. You acknowledge and accept that entering this exhibition means that the status and results of your entry may be made public.

NOTICE: When an entrant fills in the Entry Form to submit an entry, the entrant will see a feature to affirm he or she has read these Conditions of Entry when he or she fills out the entry form. If the entrant does not so affirm, the entry not be submitted.

IMPORTANT: Digital images must be in JPEG format. Image width must not exceed 1400 pixels and height must not exceed 1050 pixels. Images larger than the permitted size will be rejected along with a request to re-submit a correctly sized image. 

Digital entries must be entered online using the online entry process here. CD’s and email attachments are NOT permitted.

Digital images will be projected using a Epson 1980WU Projector.

Submission of an entry signifies acceptance of all of our conditions.

The decision of the jury will be final and without appeal.


Digital Sections and Definitions



There are two Sections, Color Open and Color Creative.

Section 1: Color Open/ Any image that satisfies the general rules may be submitted in the Open Section. Monochrome images may NOT be entered into this Color Open Section. However, spot color images with a grayscale background may be entered. Evaluation will be based primarily on pictorial and technical content. Any subject or theme is eligible. Images that have been manipulated extensively should be entered in the Creative Section.

Section 2: Color Creative/ For the purpose of this Exhibition, there are other labels which cover this genre such as Abstract, Altered Reality, Creative, Surreal, Contemporary. All components of the image must have been created by the entrant (the inclusion of stock images or clip art is not permitted) and the original photographic content should predominate. Artwork or computer graphics generated by the entrant may be incorporated.The image must obviously display a change in natural color, form, shape, or any combination of these three. Creative images are often montages or composites (a blending of multiple images), or content can be rearranged, replaced or added to the original image/s. High Dynamic Range (HDR) images without further changes are NOT considered altered or creative. Images may not be constructed entirely within a computer. Non­creative images are not eligible for this Section and should be submitted in the Color Open Section.


There is only one section in Monochrome:

Section 1: Monochrome/ An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains only shades of gray which can include pure black or pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a grayscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image (for example, by Sepia, red, gold, etc.). A grayscale or multicolored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi­toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work. Borders in monochrome, if any, must be colored the same as the overall image, that is, in shades of gray for a grayscale image; or toned in the same color as the rest of the image for a toned image. Monochrome images are judged both for their technical and pictorial merit. The content will be based primarily on pictorial and technical content. Any subject or theme is eligible. Monochrome images may not be entered in PID Color sections.


There are two sections, Nature and Wildlife. Only Wildlife photographs may be entered in the Wildlife Section. Wildlife photos may also be entered in the Nature Section.

Section 1: Nature/ Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archaeology, in such a fashion that a well­informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation. See Definition of Nature Photography for full Nature and Wildlife definitions.

The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality. Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves.Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted.Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning.Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed. Stitched images are not permitted.All allowed adjustments must appear natural. Color images can be converted to gray-scale monochrome.Infrared images, either direct captures or derivations, are not allowed.

Images in the Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, enclosures that make the subjects dependent on man for food, and botanical gardens.

Section 2: Wildlife/ (PSA Authentic Wildlife Definition) Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant (that is, still in existence) zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. See Definitions of Nature Photography for full Nature and Wildlife definitions.

A. Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are NOT eligible in Wildlife sections.
B. Wildlife is not limited to animals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are the carcasses of extant species.